A mammography is used by specialists to look for changes in breast tissue. The machine uses x-rays to detect any kind of lumps.
The mammography should be performed every year since the age of 50.
There are two types of mammograms : screening mammograms which is only a checking without any breast symptoms and diagnostic mammograms for women who have already breast issues.
The day you perform a mammogram it is important to get all the records to check the difference in the breast at different period of time.
The mammogram will take pictures that will be analyzed by the radiologist, usually two views for each breast are taken for a screening mammogram.
The mammogram can detect different kinds of breast changes. It can be calcifications, macro or microcalcifications, a mass as a cyst or a tumor. But the mammogram can also detect breast density, a higher density of the breast can be a symptom of breast cancer.
The result of the mammogram is categorized by a BI-RADS score for Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. There are different categories of BI-RADS score from 0 to 6. According to the results, other exams can be required as a biopsy or an echography.