«Biopsy» is the medical expression for the removal of a tissue sample from the body. This is conducted to obtain precise information about the tissue in a certain part of the body. Where there are tissue changes, doctors can make a definite diagnosis and, if necessary, formulate a treatment plan. A biopsy of the breast is called a mammary biopsy. Currently, there are various gentle procedures that usually make it possible to avoid a biopsy operation:  Both the so-called punch biopsy and the fine-needle biopsy use small needles to remove the tissue sample. The small puncture site usually heals without leaving a scar. A hollow needle is introduced into the tissue during a so-called vacuum biopsy. There is a vacuum inside this needle, which is used to suck out and remove the suspicious tissue. This leaves a small scar. Both methods are done under local anesthetic so that the biopsy is generally pain-free.

Follow-up examination

After a fibroadenoma is diagnosed: Once the diagnosis of fibroadenoma has been confirmed, regular follow-up examinations in the form of self-examinations as well as examinations by a doctor are required, during which the growth of the fibroadenoma will be monitored. To start with, these examinations will occur at short intervals. If the fibroadenoma does not grow any more during this time, the intervals between examinations will be increased.

Early detection of breast cancer: From the age of 20, you should be screened for cancer by your gynecologist once a year. The examination does not prevent cancerous diseases, but disease changes are usually detected early in this way and the chances of a cure are thus markedly improved. During the follow-up examination, in addition to the cervix, the breasts will also be examined for tissue changes. The doctor will feel your breast and armpits and also perform an ultrasound investigation if needed. An annual examination is not enough for breast cancer screening, so you will have to examine your breasts yourself using your hands approximately once a month. Your gynecologist will give you instructions on how to do this. (See also self examination) A mammogram is recommended from the age of 50. This is an X-ray examination of the breast. This examination is rarely performed in younger women, since disease changes in firm breast tissue cannot be as clearly identified using mammography.

Minimally invasive

«Minimally invasive» is a concept in medicine that describes a process in which devices or catheters are introduced into the body to a lesser degree than during surgery. These procedures cause fewer injuries to the skin and soft tissues than conventional surgery.


Just like «minimally invasive», «non-invasive» is a medical term that describes the extent of a procedure. During a non-invasive procedure, devices or catheters are not introduced into the body at all. An example of a non-invasive procedure would be a normal ultrasound investigation or echotherapy.

Ultrasound investigation

Ultrasound investigation – also called sonography – is a non-invasive procedure that is frequently used for the initial diagnosis of diseases. During this procedure, certain regions of the body are represented on a monitor as a visible image using ultrasound waves. A sonar probe is moved along the skin over the area of the body to be examined and emits ultrasound waves. The ultrasound waves that are reflected by the patient’s body are converted into electrical impulses, intensified and finally shown on a screen. In this way, it is possible to obtain a spatial representation of the form, size and structure of certain body tissues and organs. Ultrasound investigation is not associated with pain or any risk in terms of exposure to radiation, since no dangerous rays are emitted.  



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